How to clean Gold and Silver jewelry
Jewelry likes to be treated with care, but care does not give one hundred percent protection from contamination - anyway, dirt, grease and dust fall on the jewelry, deposits appear and luster is lost. In most cases, you can dispense with professional help and return your jewelry to its shining appearance.
How to clean silver jewelry at home
Many lipsticks contain titanium dioxide, which is the ingredient that will help rid silver of blackness. Lipstick also contains fats - these will bring the shine back to the metal. To clean the jewelry does not need to use new lipstick, some of the old stuff will do, and you will need very little of it. Apply the lipstick to the surface of the metal, rub it with a cotton pad, and then rinse the lipstick with a soapy solution and wash the silver in clean water.
Toothpaste and ammonia
Mix in equal parts a solution of ammonia and toothpaste, apply the mixture to the jewelry. Rub with a soft toothbrush, rinse with clean water and wipe dry.
Baking soda, water and foil
Dissolve 2 tablespoons of soda in 0.5 liter of water, boil the liquid, put the foil and jewelry in the solution. Leave the jewelry in the liquid for 15 minutes, then take it out and wipe it with a soft cloth. This method of cleaning can restore the luster of even badly blackened silver.
Baking soda paste
A simple paste is prepared from warm water and baking soda - mix the ingredients to the consistency of mush. This paste can clean various impurities - blackness, dirty plaque, grease, decorative cosmetics. Soda paste cleans effectively, and at the same time does not scratch the surface of the metal due to its soft consistency.
How to clean gold jewelry at home
A soap solution can be used to clean off simple dirt such as makeup residue, dirt and grease. The solution is better to make on the basis of warm water, instead of liquid soap you can take a dishwashing detergent. The jewelry should be left in the solution for at least half an hour, better for 3-4 hours, and after soaking, go over the surface of the metal with a soft brush (an old toothbrush will do) to remove the most difficult spots. When all the dirt is gone, rinse the jewelry with clean water and dry with a soft cloth.
Ammonia alcohol is used in its pure form, or on its basis make a solution - a glass of water, take 6-7 drops of agent. In its pure form alcohol is used as follows: moisten a soft cloth in it, wipe the ornament with this cloth, and then wash in a soapy solution and clean water. Ammonia solution is used as follows: the decoration is dipped in the liquid for 30 minutes, then it is taken out and wiped with a brush or cotton swab, dipped in the solution again and then wiped dry with a paper towel.
At home you can prepare a cleaning paste for jewelry. According to the recipe it is necessary to take the following ingredients in equal parts:
- petroleum jelly;
- soap powder;
- chalk powder.
It turns out a thick paste, which should be rubbed on the surface of the jewelry (it is convenient to do it with a piece of soft cloth). The paste will take up the accumulated dirt, the main thing is to rinse the paste with soapy water, otherwise a greasy film will remain.
How to clean gold jewelry with stones and crystals
Cleaning mineral jewelry requires great care since some stones are extremely sensitive not only to cleansers, but also to plain water. If in doubt exactly how to clean your mineral jewelry, or if you are unsure exactly what kind of stone it contains, it is better not to take any chances and let professionals do the cleaning.
Examine your piece of jewelry carefully before performing any cleaning procedure. If the stone is not inlaid but glued to the metal, the jewelry piece should not be soaked in water - the glue may get liquefied and the precious inlay will fall out.
- Diamonds, sapphires, emeralds. These minerals can be cleaned in soapy water or with an ammonia-based solution.
- Fianites, zirconium. These items of jewelry can be cleaned with soapy water or ammonia solution, or with rubbing alcohol to remove any greasy residue.
- Lapis lazuli, rubies, opals and amber. These minerals can be cleaned with a mild soap solution with a lower pH (such as mild baby soap).
- Pearls, coral and turquoise. These stones are very sensitive, so only dry cleaning is permitted at home, i.e. the stones should be gently wiped with a soft cloth.
How often should you clean gold and silver jewelry?
Experts recommend cleaning jewelry every 1-1.5 months, even if there is no serious visible contamination. Preventive measures take less time and effort than cleaning jewelry from serious plaque and stains. If your jewelry is actively worn, it is useful to wipe it every few days with a microfiber cloth to remove plaque and maintain its shine.